Your eyes are unique as body organs. They function almost like the involuntary organs of heart, lungs and digestion. They are ON during all of your waking hours. Unlike other body movements like sitting or standing your eyes are always working. This extreme and continuous use makes for a host of potential eye problems. Some eye problems develop slowly over time. Some are a result of the normal aging process. Still others like color blind are mainly hereditary.
When it comes to treatment some conditions can be mitigated with the use of corrective lenses while others may require medication. In extreme cases surgery many be required.
Some common eye problems that can be corrected with lenses include Nearsightedness, Farsightedness, Keratoconus and Astigmatism.
Nearsightedness is when a person is unable to see distant objects. It is caused by too much curvature in the cornea.
Farsightedness is the difficulty focusing on close objects. The cause is a flattened cornea.
Keratoconus is a bulge in the cornea. It can be corrected with rigid contact lenses.
Astigmatism causes blurred vision and is the result of irregularly shaped cornea. The condition can be corrected with lenses or laser surgery.
Conditions that require medication or in some cases surgery include Tearing and Dry Eyes, Cataracts, Glaucoma, Retinal Disorders, Conjunctivitis, Corneal Diseases, Macular Degeneration and Eyelid Problems.
Tearing is having too many tears. Dry Eye is too little tearing. Both can be treated with medication.
Cataract is a cloud covering part to the cornea and does not let enough light go through to the back of the eye. It usually requires surgery.
Glaucoma is the degeneration of the optic nerve. It causes increasing pressure in the eye. This condition can be treated with medication or in some cases surgery.
Retinal Disorders Retina is a thin lining in the back of the eye. It can become detached from the surrounding tissue. It can also be caused by Macular Degeneration or Diabetes. In some cases cells that grow collect on the retina. They then can leak or bleed, cause lesions or scar tissue leading to loss of vision.
Conjunctivitis or pink eye is caused by an infection. It can be treated with medication.
Corneal Diseases were described above.
Eyelid problems can include drooping eyelids or infections in the eyelid. They may require medication or surgery.
Choosing an eye care clinic is an individual matter. Referrals can come from your family doctor or family members. You would choose an Optometrist for a complete eye exam and treatment of eye disorders that do not require surgery. If surgery is required you would see an Opthalmologist. He/she is a medical doctor who can perform surgical procedures. For simple fitting of glasses or contacts you would visit an Optician. Your choice of an eye care clinic would also depend upon the doctor’s qualifications, and your relationship with him/her. Does he/she answer your questions thoroughly and do you “feel” satisfied with the service you are getting.